Policies

Aizawa, I. & Rose, H. (under review). An analysis of Japan’s English as medium of instruction initiatives within higher education: the gap between policy and practice. Higher Education.

Ali, N. L. (2013). A changing paradigm in language planning: English-medium instruction policy at the tertiary level in Malaysia. Current Issues in Language Planning, 14(1), 73-92.

Botha, W. (2013). English-medium instruction at a university in Macau: Policy and realities. World Englishes, 32(4), 461-475.

Byun, K., Chu, H. Kim, M., Park, I., Kim, S. & Jung, J. (2011). English-medium teaching in Korean higher education: Policy debates and reality. Higher Education, 62 (4), 431–449.

Earls, C. W. (2016). Evolving Agendas in European English-Medium Higher Education: Interculturality, Multilingualism and Language Policy. Hamphire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hu, G., Li, L., & Lei, J. (2014). English-medium instruction at a Chinese university: Rhetoric and reality. Language Policy, 13(1), 21-40.

Leong, P. (2017). English-medium instruction in Japanese universities: policy implementation and constraints. Current Issues In Language Planning, 18(1), 57–67.

Mulvey, B. (2018). Recent government policy and its impact on English-medium instruction: Why this time may be different. In Bradford, A. & Brown, H. (eds.), English-Medium Instruction in Japanese Higher Education: Policy, Challenges and Outcomes (pp. 32-47). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Shohamy, E. (2006). Language policy: Hidden agendas and new approaches. London: Routledge.

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